In accordance with its mission to support high level research in Belgium, the University Foundation provides financial support towards the publication in high level international journals of scientific papers which report on research in Belgian research groups. Financial support may be granted to partially cover the costs due by the author for illustrations, for page charges and for article processing fees, and for linguuistic control.
What follows is a list of articles to which a subsidy was awarded by the University Foundation. The titles are ordered by year of publication and by title.
Clearing the Transcription Hurdle in Dialect Corpus Building: The Corpus of Southern Dutch Dialects as Case Study
Ghyselen, A.S. (2020) Clearing the Transcription Hurdle in Dialect Corpus Building: The Corpus of Southern Dutch Dialects as Case Study. Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence. 3:10. doi: 10.3389/frai.2020.00010.
This paper discusses how the transcription hurdle in dialect corpus building can be cleared. While corpus analysis has strongly gained in popularity in linguistic research, dialect corpora are still relatively scarce. This scarcity can be attributed to several factors,one of which is the challenging nature of transcribing dialects, given a lack of both orthographic norms for many dialects and speech technological tools trained on dialect data.
Cyclostratigraphic calibration of the Eifelian Stage (Middle Devonian, Appalachian Basin, Western New York, USA)
Pas, D. et al. (2020) Cyclostratigraphic calibration of the Eifelian Stage (Middle Devonian, Appalachian Basin, Western New York, USA). GSA Bulletin
Beckers, J.(2020) De Besloten Utopie Clausuur van Bonfatius VIII tot het Concilie van Trente Article, vol. 25, nov. 2020
Samenvatting: In het artikel van postdoctoraal Research Fellow Julie Becker wordt je meegenomen in de wereld van de laat-middeleeuwse nonnenkloosters. Becker vraagt zich af of de nonnenkloosters die na De Periculoso van Paus Bonifatius VIII zijn ontstaan kunnen worden omschreven als utopisch. Hiervoor wijst ze naar de idealen die de paus, maar ook architecten als Filarete, omschrijven voor het kloostergebouw en het kloosterleven. Door nonnen af te schermen van de buitenwereld kwamen ze dichterbij het goddelijke.
Muñoz-Moldes, S., Cleeremans, A. (2020) Delineating implicit and explicit processes in neurofeedback learning Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews, 118, 681-688 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.09.003
Abstract : Neurofeedback allows humans to self-regulate neural activity in specific brain regions and is considered a promising tool for psychiatric interventions. Recently, methods have been developed to use neurofeedback implicitly, prompting a theoretical debate on the role of awareness in neurofeedback learning. We offer a critical review of the role of awareness in neurofeedback learning, with a special focus on recently developed neuro-feedback paradigms.
El Akiki, Carole and Content, Alain (2020) Early Sensitivity to Morphology in Beginning Readers of Arabic. Frontiers in Psychology, 11: 552315.
The current study investigated the influence of morphological structure on the earliest stages of Arabic reading acquisition. More specifically, we aimed at examining the role of root and pattern units in beginners from Grade 1 to 3. A first set of reading tasks evaluated the presence of a morphology facilitation effect in word and pseudoword reading by manipulating independently the frequency of roots and patterns. Additional tasks aimed at examining the contribution of morphological awareness to reading performance.
Facilitating spatially-explicit assessments of ecosystem service delivery to support land use planning
Vrebos, D. et al. (2020) Facilitating spatially-explicit assessments of ecosystem service delivery to support land use planning. One Ecosystem. doi: 10.3897/oneeco.5.e50540.
Since the early 2000s, there have been substantial efforts to transform the concept of ecosystem services into practice. Spatial assessment tools are being developed to evaluate the impact of spatial planning on a wide range of ecosystem services. However, the actual implementation in decision-making remains limited. To improve implementation, tools that are tailored to local conditions can provide accurate, meaningful information.
Papadopoulou M. et al. (2020) Fetal public Vγ9Vδ2 T cells expand and gain potentcytotoxic functions early after birth. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)
Vγ9Vδ2 T cells are a major human bloodγδT cell population thatrespond in a T cell receptor (TCR)-dependent manner to phos-phoantigens which are generated by a variety of microorganisms.It is not clear how Vγ9Vδ2 T cells react toward the sudden micro-bial exposure early after birth. We found that human Vγ9Vδ2T cells with a public/shared fetal-derived TCR repertoire expandedwithin 10 wk postpartum.
Pelgrims, C. (2020) Fetishising the Brussels roadscape. Journal of Transport History (SAGE), Vol. 41(1) 89–115 https://doi.org/10.1177/0022526619892832
Abstract: This explorative paper is an attempt to improve understanding of the material infrastructure and subjective affective investments into it. Building on the concept of “fetish”, it proposes a theoretical framework to analyse the entanglement of the functional, sensitive and social symbolic dimensions of Brussels’ “modern roads” to reinforce and stabilise a social imaginary of fast mobility.
Lehue, M. & Detrain C. (2020) Foraging through multiple nest holes: An impediment to collective decision-making in ants, Plos One, 15(7): e0234526
In social insects, collective choices between food sources are based on self-organized mechanisms where information about resources are locally processed by the foragers. Such a collective decision emerges from the competition between pheromone trails leading to different resources but also between the recruiting stimuli emitted by successful foragers at nest entrances.
Noise and a Speaker’s Impaired Voice Quality Disrupt Spoken Language Processing in School-Aged Children: Evidence From Performance and Response Time Measures
Schiller, I.S. (2020) Noise and a Speaker’s Impaired Voice Quality Disrupt Spoken Language Processing in School-Aged Children: Evidence From Performance and Response Time Measures. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-19-00348.
Orthodontic‐assisted one step‐ no prep technique: A straightforward and minimally‐invasive approach for localized tooth wear treatment using polymer‐infiltrated ceramic network CAD‐CAM prostheses
Mainjot, A. K. J. & Charavet, C. (2020) Orthodontic‐assisted one step‐ no prep technique: A straightforward and minimally‐invasive approach for localized tooth wear treatment using polymer‐infiltrated ceramic network CAD‐CAM prostheses, Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, 1-17, https://doi.org/10.1111/jerd.12630
Objectives To introduce a minimally invasive and simple ortho‐pros approach for localized tooth wear treatment.
Held, K., Aloi, V. D., Nogueira Freitas, A. C. et al. (2020) Pharmacological properties of TRPM3 isoforms are determined by the length of the pore loop. British Journal of Pharmacology, Aug 11. doi: 10.1111/bph.15223
Background and Purpose
Transient receptor potential melastatin 3 (TRPM3) is a non‐selective cation channel that plays a pivotal role in the peripheral nervous system as a transducer of painful heat signals. Alternative splicing gives rise to several TRPM3 variants. The functional consequences of these splice isoforms are poorly understood. Here, the pharmacological properties of TRPM3 variants arising from alternative splicing in the pore‐forming region were compared.
Resilience in family caregivers of patients diagnosed with advanced cancer – unravelling the process of bouncing back from difficult experiences, a hermeneutic review
Opsomer, S. (2020) Resilience in family caregivers of patients diagnosed with advanced cancer – unravelling the process of bouncing back from difficult experiences, a hermeneutic review. European Journal of General Practice, 26:1, 79-85, DOI: 10.1080/13814788.2020.1784876.
Background: Despite the risk for developing mental disorders, most of advanced cancer patients’ family caregivers undergo a resilient process throughout the caregiving period. Research on resilience in caregivers of advanced cancer patients is scarce and further hindered by the lack of a univocal definition and a theoretical framework.
Objectives: To provide clarity on the concept of resilience by proposing an integrative view that can support health care professionals and researchers in conducting and interpreting research on resilience.
Bertels, J. et al. (2020) Snakes elicit specific neural responses in the human infant brain. Scientific Reports, 10:7443, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63619-y
Detecting predators is essential for survival. Given that snakes are the first of primates’ major predators, natural selection may have fostered efficient snake detection mechanisms to allow for optimal defensive behavior. Here, we provide electrophysiological evidence for a brain-anchored evolved predisposition to rapidly detect snakes in humans, which does not depend on previous exposure or knowledge about snakes. To do so, we recorded scalp electrical brain activity in 7- to 10-month-old infants watching sequences of flickering animal pictures.
Altomonte, S. et al. (2020) Ten questions concerning well-being in the built environment. Building and Environment 180, 106949. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2020.106949