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Wat volgt is een lijst van wetenschappelijke artikelen die recent gesubsidieerd werden door de Universitaire Stichting. De artikelen zijn gesorteerd op jaar van uitgave en per titel.
Accurate Detection of Dobutamine-induced Haemodynamic Changes by Kino-Cardiography: A Randomised Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Validation Study
Hossein, A. (2019) Accurate Detection of Dobutamine-induced Haemodynamic Changes by Kino-Cardiography: A Randomised Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Validation Study. Scientific Reports, 9, Article number: 10479.
Non-invasive remote detection of cardiac and blood displacements is an important topic in cardiac telemedicine. Here we propose kino-cardiography (KCG), a non-invasive technique based on measurement of body vibrations produced by myocardial contraction and blood flow through the cardiac chambers and major vessels. KCG is based on ballistocardiography and measures 12 degrees-of-freedom (DOF) of body motion. We tested the hypothesis that KCG reliably assesses dobutamine-induced haemodynamic changes in healthy subjects.
An Analysis of the Early Regeneration of Mangrove Forests using Landsat Time Series in the Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia
Otero, V. et al. (2019) An Analysis of the Early Regeneration of Mangrove Forests using Landsat Time Series in the Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve, Peninsular Malaysia. Remote Sensing , 11(7), 774; https://doi.org/10.3390/rs11070774
Time series of satellite sensor data have been used to quantify mangrove cover changes at regional and global levels. Although mangrove forests have been monitored using remote sensing techniques, the use of time series to quantify the regeneration of these forests still remains limited.
Citizenship Pressure as a Predictor of Daily Enactment of Autonomous and Controlled Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Differential Spillover Effects on the Home Domain
Germeys, L. et al. (2019) Citizenship Pressure as a Predictor of Daily Enactment of Autonomous and Controlled Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Differential Spillover Effects on the Home Domain. Frontiers in Psychology https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00395.
This study questions the exclusive discretionary nature of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) by differentiating between autonomous OCB (performed spontaneously) and controlled OCB (performed in response to a request from others). We examined whether citizenship pressure evokes the performance of autonomous and controlled OCB, and whether both OCB types have different effects on employees’ experience of work-home conflict and work-home enrichment at the within- and between-person level of analysis.
Van Nieuwenhove, A. et al. (2019) Cryptic diversity and limited connectivity in octopuses: Recommendations for fisheries management. Plos One, May 2019.
The market demand for octopus grows each year, but landings are decreasing, and prices are rising. The present study investigated (1) diversity of Octopodidae in the Western Indian Ocean (WIO) and (2) connectivity and genetic structure of Octopus cyanea and O. vulgaris populations in order to obtain baseline data for management plans. A fragment of the cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 (COI) gene was sequenced in 275 octopus individuals from Madagascar, Kenya and Tanzania.
Food Consumption in Adolescents and Young Adults: Age-Specific Socio-Economic and Cultural Disparities (Belgian Food Consumption Survey 2014)
Desbouys, L.; De Ridder, K.; Rouche, M.; Castetbon, K. (2019) Food Consumption in Adolescents and Young Adults: Age-Specific Socio-Economic and Cultural Disparities (Belgian Food Consumption Survey 2014). Nutrients, 11, 1520.
A key issue in nutritional public health policies is to take into account social disparities behind health inequalities. The transition from adolescence toward adulthood is a critical period regarding changes in health behaviors. This study aimed to determine how consumption of four emblematic food groups (two to favor and two to limit) differed according to socio-economic and cultural characteristics of adolescents and young adults living in Belgium.
Schoelynck, J. e.a. (2019) Hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius): The animal silicon pump, Science Advances 01 May 2019: Vol. 5, no. 5, eaav0395 DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav0395.
While the importance of grasslands in terrestrial silicon (Si) cycling and fluxes to rivers is established, the influence of large grazers has not been considered. Here, we show that hippopotamuses are key actors in the savannah biogeochemical Si cycle. Through a detailed analysis of Si concentrations and stable isotope compositions in multiple ecosystem compartments of a savannah-river continuum, we constrain the processes influencing the Si flux. Hippos transport 0.4 metric tons of Si day−1 by foraging grass on land and directly egesting in the water.
Multilevel biological responses following piezocision to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement: A study in rats
Charavet, C. et al (2019) Multilevel biological responses following piezocision to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement: A study in rats. Journal of the World Federation of Orthodontists. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejwf.2019.07.002.
Aim The objective of the present study was to explore the alveolar bone tissue response and its dynamic at the tissue, cellular, and molecular levels following a piezocision procedure in a rat model.
Opsomer, S. et al. (2019) Resilience in middle-aged partners of patients diagnosed with incurable cancer: A thematic analysis. PLoS One, Aug. 14, 2019.
Background Providing care for patients with advanced cancer is often the responsibility of the partner. Being confronted with an incurable cancer diagnosis can be highly disruptive for the patient’s partner and can be considered a potentially traumatic event. However, most caregivers seem to adapt well during the process of providing care. This finding is in line with the concept of resilience in literature: a dynamic process of adapting well, resulting from the interplay between intrinsic and extrinsic resources and risks.
Temperature preference of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) juveniles induces spontaneous sex reversal
Nivelle R. et al. (2019) Temperature preference of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) juveniles induces spontaneous sex reversal. PLoS ONE 14(2): e0212504. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212504
Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is an African freshwater fish that displays a genetic sex determination system (XX|XY) where high temperatures (above 32°C to 36.5°C) induce masculinization. In Nile tilapia, the thermosensitive period was reported from 10 to 30 days post fertilization. In their natural environment, juveniles may encounter high temperatures that are above the optimal temperature for growth (27–30°C). The relevance of the thermal sex reversal mechanism in a natural context remains unclear.
Use and timing of referral to specialized palliative care services for people with cancer: A mortality follow-back study among treating physicians in Belgium
Vanbutsele, G. et al. (2019) Use and timing of referral to specialized palliative care services for people with cancer: A mortality follow-back study among treating physicians in Belgium. Plos One.
Referral to specialized palliative care services (SPCS) occurs often late in the illness trajectory but may differ across cancer types. We examined differences between cancer types in the use and timing of referral to specialized palliative care services (SPCS) and in the reasons for non-referral.
Women with infertility complying with and resisting polygyny: an explorative qualitative study in urban Gambia
Dierickx, S. et al.(2019) Women with infertility complying with and resisting polygyny: an explorative qualitative study in urban Gambia. Reproductive Health vol .16, art. 103.
In many low-and middle-income countries women with infertility are often in polygynous marriages (i.e. marriages wherein men have multiple wives). In general, the practice of polygyny is understood to be harmful for women as it would have a negative impact on their health and general well-being. The purpose of this qualitative study is to explore how women with infertility experience polygyny and to understand their decision-making regarding these marriages. In-depth interviews were conducted between October 2017 and May 2018 in urban Gambia.
A Thallium-Based Screening Procedure to Identify Molecules That Modulate the Activity of Ca2+-Activated Monovalent Cation-Selective Channels
Philippaert, K. et al. (2018) A Thallium-Based Screening Procedure to Identify Molecules That Modulate the Activity of Ca2+-Activated Monovalent Cation-Selective Channels. SLAS Discovery.
TRPM5 functions as a calcium-activated monovalent cation-selective ion channel and is expressed in a variety of cell types. Dysfunction of this type of channel has been recently implied in cardiac arrhythmias, diabetes, and other pathologies. Therefore, a growing interest has emerged to develop the pharmacology of these ion channels. We optimized a screening assay based on the thallium flux through the TRPM5 channel and a fluorescent thallium dye as a probe for channel activity.
Klaas M. et al (2018) Acute Effect of Noradrenergic Modulation on Motor Output Adjustment in Men. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.
Piers, R. et al (2018) Advance care planning in dementia: recommendations for healthcare professionals. BMC Palliative Care, 2018, 17:88, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-018-0332-2
Background: Advance care planning (ACP) is a continuous, dynamic process of reflection and dialogue between an individual, those close to them and their healthcare professionals, concerning the individual’s preferences and values concerning future treatment and care, including end-of-life care.
Assessing out-of-pocket expenditures for primary health care: how responsive is the Democratic Republic of Congo health system to providing financial risk protection?
Laokri, S. et al (2018) Assessing out-of-pocket expenditures for primary health care: how responsive is the Democratic Republic of Congo health system to providing financial risk protection? BMC Health Services Research.
Background: The goal of universal health coverage is challenging for chronically under-resourced health systems. Although household out-of-pocket payments are the most important source of health financing in low-income countries, relatively little is known about the drivers of primary health care expenditure and the predictability of the burden associated with high fee-for-service payments.